Best Practices

Resource forecasting: The secret to project profitability

Resource forecasting best practices for project profitability and how to get resource planning and resource management right.
October 9, 2023
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Aswinchandar M

Guessing is for games, not for managing your resources.

In the world of project management, the ability to efficiently manage resources is the key lever that determines the success and profitability of a project.
Resource forecasting techniques can help you predict future resource needs accurately. This proactive approach enables you to avoid last-minute resource shortages or excesses that impact the financials of your project.
In this blog post, we talk about all things resource forecasting,  the role of resource planning and management, common resource forecasting challenges, and how you can improve your resource forecasting capabilities.

What is resource forecasting?

Resource forecasting is the systematic process of estimating the required resources, such as personnel, materials, and equipment, to successfully execute a project over a defined time frame. It involves analyzing historical data, current project demands, and future project pipelines to make informed decisions about resource allocation.

The need for resource forecasting arises from the complexities of modern business environments. Organizations need to answer questions like: 

  1. How many staff members will you need in the next quarter? 
  2. Do you need additional resources to meet growing demand? 
  3. Will you be able to meet the project deadline?

Resource forecasting provides the answers to these critical questions, enabling organizations to balance staffing levels over time and align them with the incoming workload.

Two of the most critical contributors to resource forecasting are resource planning and resource management.

What is resource planning?

Resource planning is the strategic process of identifying, allocating, and optimizing resources to ensure the successful execution of projects. It involves a meticulous analysis of various factors, such as workforce capacity, equipment, budget constraints, and timeframes. Resource planning is not merely about assigning tasks to individuals; it's a dynamic, forward-looking approach that aims to align resources with project objectives, thus maximizing efficiency and profitability.

Resource planning helps organizations allocate resources efficiently, taking into account project timelines, workforce availability, and skill sets. It forms the basis for accurate resource forecasting. The key considerations in resource planning include:

1. Timelines 

What is the project timeline, and when are specific resources required?

2. Resources and roles

  1. How many employees are available?
  2. What are the roles and skill sets of the employees?
  3. Are there any employees with multiple roles or varying billing rates?

3. Milestones

What are the critical milestones of the project, and how long will it take to achieve them?

The benefits of resource planning extend far beyond resource forecasting. They include:

  1. Resource visibility and improved efficiency: Resource management tools provide real-time visibility into resource availability and workloads. This ensures that projects run more smoothly and efficiently.
  2. Improved profitability: Accurate resource planning leads to better cost control and increased project profitability.
  3. Risk mitigation: Anticipating potential resource shortages or overages allows for proactive risk mitigation.
  4. Client satisfaction: Meeting project deadlines and budgets increases client satisfaction and fosters long-term relationships.

What is resource management?

Resource management involves the ongoing oversight and allocation of resources to ensure that projects are adequately resourced. It includes monitoring resource utilization, tracking project progress, and making adjustments as necessary. Effective resource management requires answering questions like:

  1. Is the team working efficiently?
  2. Is there room for improvement in resource utilization?
  3. How is time being allocated across different projects and tasks?

Resource management provides real-time insights into resource allocation and utilization, allowing organizations to adapt to changing project needs and optimize the deployment of resources.
Without resource planning and allocation, you’ve got people underutilized, others overutilized, and a clear risk to client satisfaction.

How can you leverage the benefits of forecasting while being as accurate as possible?

Here are the key aspects that determine the effectiveness of your resource forecasting:

  1. Thorough project assessment: Resource forecasting begins with a comprehensive project assessment. Define your project's scope, objectives, and milestones. Determine the skill sets and resources required for each phase of the project.
  2. Resource visibility: This step is all about ensuring that you have the right people with the right skills at the right time. Resource forecast needs visibility into factors such as employee availability, skill levels, and budget constraints. 
  3. Risk analysis: An accurate forecast takes into account potential risks and challenges that could impact resource allocation and project profitability. 
  4. Realistic timelines: For forecasting to be effective, you need to base it on historical data. Overcommitting resources to tight schedules can lead to burnout and decreased productivity.
  5. Regular updates to forecasts: Resource forecasts should not be static documents. Regularly update them as project conditions change. This ensures that resource allocations remain aligned with project goals.

While the above steps go a long way in ensuring forecasting accuracy, you must also be prepared to 

  1. Continuously monitor resource allocation and project progress
  2. Make adjustments as needed to optimize resource utilization and maintain profitability

Here are a few other strategies to help you strike the right balance between forecasting accuracy and profitability: :

  1. Consider flexible staffing: Consider a flexible staffing model with a combination of full-time employees and contractors or freelancers. This will enable you to scale up or down as project demands fluctuate.
  2. Implement cross-training: Train your team members to handle multiple roles or tasks. This versatility can be especially valuable when juggling diverse projects with varying demands.
  3. Make forecasting a collaborative exercise: Involve team members in the forecasting process. Their input can help in fine-tuning resource estimates based on their expertise and project-specific knowledge.

The best reports to aid resource forecasting

Effective resource forecasting relies on clear and actionable reports that provide project stakeholders with insights into resource allocation and project profitability.  Some of the best ways to approach resource forecasting include looking at:

  1. Resource allocation reports: Detail how resources are allocated across various projects or tasks. They help identify overutilized or underutilized resources.
  2. Resource availability reports: Provide visibility into resource availability, including upcoming vacations, training, or other commitments that might impact project schedules.
  3. Budget vs. actual reports: Compare budgeted resource costs with actual expenditures. This report helps in assessing project profitability and cost control.
  4. Resource utilization reports: Track how efficiently resources are utilized within the project. This report can reveal opportunities to optimize resource allocation.

However, creating these reports using data from multiple tools and spreadsheets is no walk in the park. Things only get harder when you think about the common challenges in resource forecasting. Read on to know exactly how this plays out.

Challenges in resource forecasting

Resource forecasting for service projects can be a complex process. Some of the common challenges include:

1. Balancing staffing with profitability: Striking the right balance between having enough staff to meet project demands and maintaining profitability can be challenging. Overstaffing can lead to increased costs, while understaffing can result in missed opportunities and client dissatisfaction.

2. Resources spread across multiple projects: When you have team members working on multiple projects at the same time, forecasting needs to take into account the demands of multiple projects. Understaffing can lead to missed deadlines and compromised quality, while overstaffing can strain budgets -- across multiple clients and projects.
3. Disparate data sources: Organizations may have data spread across different systems and tools, making it difficult to consolidate and analyze information for accurate forecasting. For effective resource forecasting, you need a single source of truth for all your project data. 

You also need to incorporate data analysis, scenario modeling, and predictive analytics, and spreadsheets are simply not the way to approach these complex forecasting challenges.
Professional Services Automation (PSA) tools are designed to tackle the challenges in resource forecasting with their comprehensive resource planning and management capabilities.

How Professional Service Automation (PSA) tools improve resource forecasting 

PSA tools have a huge role to play in resource forecasting simply because they’re designed to make it easier to

  1. See what’s going on in your business and
  2. Make the right choices for your teams. 

With the right PSA tool, you get all the data you need for accurate resource forecasting – be it your incoming pipeline, resource availability, and skills, as well as employee timesheets – in one place.
Here’s what this translates into:

1. Data integration: PSA tools consolidate data from various sources, including project pipelines, resource availability, skills profiles, and employee timesheets. This integrated data serves as a valuable resource for informed decision-making.

2. Real-time visibility: PSA software provides real-time insights into team capacity and workload. This visibility allows organizations to make data-driven decisions without investing excessive time in manual data collection.

3. Multi-project resource management: PSA tools facilitate resource management in scenarios where team members work on multiple projects simultaneously. They help in optimizing resource allocation across projects and avoiding overloads or underutilization.

By integrating resource planning, resource management, and the right PSA tools, you can navigate the challenges of resource forecasting effectively, ensure efficient resource utilization, and ultimately enhance your bottom line.
With the right PSA solution, you should be able to:

  1. Easily allocate and track resources across projects
  2. Generate custom reports for informed decision-making
  3. Predict future resource needs with confidence.
  4. Achieve greater project profitability through efficient resource management

Try out Rocketlane’s resource forecasting capabilities


Guesswork has no place in resource management. The right PSA tool should be able to increase your visibility and provide forecasting that’s more accurate than ever before. 

Rocketlane is designed to handle your resource forecasting needs with a host of resource planning and management features such as:

  1. Automation: Rocketlane automates the project planning process, reducing the need for manual data entry and minimizing errors.
  2. Capacity planning: The tool allows organizations to monitor team utilization in real time, ensuring that you efficiently allocate resources and maximize billable utilization
  3. Visualized resource management: Rocketlane provides clear visualizations of resource management, allowing organizations to track project performance, time spent on tasks, and project budgeting efficiently.

It also offers comprehensive features, including time tracking, alerts, and the ability to save successful workflows for future projects, making it an invaluable resource for resource forecasting and profitability enhancement.
With Rocketlane, you can forecast improved profitability, happier clients, and smoother project delivery.

Don’t just take our word for it.

Try it for yourself – sign up for a free trial of Rocketlane’s PSA capabilities.

FAQs on resource forecasting for professional services

1. What is resource forecasting in professional services, and why is it important?

Resource forecasting in professional services involves predicting the future resource needs, such as personnel and skills, required to meet client project demands. It is essential because it ensures efficient resource allocation, timely project delivery, and ultimately, client satisfaction.

2. How can resource forecasting help my professional services firm improve profitability?

Resource forecasting helps your firm optimize resource utilization, preventing both overstaffing and understaffing. By aligning resource allocation with project demands, you can control costs, increase billable hours, and enhance overall profitability.

3. What challenges do professional services firms commonly face when it comes to resource forecasting?

Common challenges include balancing staffing levels with project demands, managing resources across multiple projects, integrating disparate data sources, and accurately predicting future resource requirements.

4. How can I effectively implement resource forecasting in my professional services organization?

Effective resource forecasting involves implementing robust resource management systems, encouraging cross-training among team members, analyzing historical project data, and considering flexible staffing models. Collaboration and the use of advanced tools and software are also essential.

5. What are the benefits of using Professional Services Automation (PSA) tools for resource forecasting?

PSA tools provide real-time visibility into resource availability, workload, and project pipelines. They streamline data integration, enable multi-project resource management, and offer advanced forecasting features like scenario modeling and predictive analytics. These benefits contribute to accurate resource forecasting and enhanced profitability.

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Kirthika Soundararajan
Content Marketer @ Rocketlane

All things content at Rocketlane. I run on coffee and cat videos. Follow me on Twitter @kirthikasrajan

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